PAST SIMPLE AND PAST PROGRESSIVE
 
PAST SIMPLE AND PAST PROGRESSIVE
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PAST SIMPLE AND PAST PROGRESSIVE
 
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SIMPLE PAST
USE OF THE PAST SIMPLE

1)To talk about something that usually did in the past.

FOR EXAMPLE:

I played football every Friday

2)To speak of a permanent or semi-permanent in the past

FOR EXAMPLE

I lived in Madrid

3)To talk about a specific event in the past

FOR EXAMPLE

James opened the door yesterday




AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

STRUCTURE:
subject + verb past+ complement

FOR EXAMPLE

-they liver in germany
-I biology studies
-Alice spoke mexican




NEGATIVE SENTENCES

STRUCTURE:
subject + dindn't + verb + complement

-I dindn `t slep well
-I dind't `t keep your diary
-we dind't eat salad




YES / NO QUESTION

STRUCTURE
Did + subject + verb + complement +?

DId you use the computer?
yes, I used the computer
no, I didn `t use the computer

-DId you travel to france?
yes, I Traveled to france
no, I dind't, travel t france

MORE example
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Both the negative sentences and interrogative sentences, auxiliary DID is used as it is the past form of the verb "TO DO" and accompanies the main verb in its infinitive form. Negations can be used in the contracted form of DID or DID NOT. In the top box uses the verb To Play (Play) as an example.


IRREGULAR VERBS

For irregular verbs must be memorized your form past and participle.

go ----- went
buy ---- bought


VERBS ENDING IN-e

It replaces the -e final with -ed

use ---- used
die ---- died





PAST CONTINUOUS OR PROGRESSIVE

1)We use the past continuous for a long action already in the past was interrupted

FOR EXAMPLE

-Jose called while I was watching the news.


2)Past continuous is used to talk about actions in a specific time in the past.

for example

Paula wasn't living in Spain in 2005.

3)Past continuous is used for two actions were happening at the same time in the past.

for example

My son was reading while I was cooking


The past continuous is formed like the present continuous, the only difference is that the auxiliary verb "To be" is set to last (am, is ---was, are-----were).


TYPES OF SENTENCES


AFFIRMATIVE:

STRUTURE
subject + wa/were + verb in gerund +complement

I was reading a book

I (subject) + was (verb "To be" in the past) + reading (main verb in gerund) + a book

She was eating an apple.

She (subject) + was (verb "To be" in the past) + eating (main verb in gerund) + an apple


NEGATIVE:

I was not reading a book

I (subject) + was not (verb "To be" in the past) + reading (main verb in gerund) + a book

She was not eating an apple.

She (subject) + was not (verb "To be" in the past) + eating (main verb in gerund) + an apple.


INTERROGATIVE:

Was I reading a book?

Was (verb "To be" in the past) + I (subject) + reading (main verb in gerund) + a book?

Was she eating an apple?

Was (verb "To be" in the past) + she (subject) + eating (main verb in gerund) + an apple?




WH QUESTION WORDS

We use question words to ask certain types of questions (question word questions). We often refer to them as WH words because they include the letters WH (for example WHy, HoW).

Question: Word: what
Function: asking for information about something
Example: What is your name?

Question: what...for
Function: asking for a reason, asking why
Example: What did you do that for?

Question: when
Function: asking about time
Example: When did he leave?

Question: where
Function: asking in or at what place or position
Example: Where do they live?

Question: which
Function: asking about choice
Example: Which colour do you want?

Question: who
Function: asking what or which person or people (subject)
Example: Who opened the door?

Question: how
Function: asking about manner
Example: How does this work?

these are the most common

CREATED BY
JESUS BELTRAN AND LUIS ALVARADO
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